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ASTM A106Gr.B Seamless Steel Pipe Specification

Views: 112     Author: Good Du     Publish Time: 2023-03-21      Origin: Site

ASTM A106 GrB. Seamless Steel Pipe belongs to U.S. standard steel pipe, A106 includes three grades: GrA, GrB, GrC. Materials A106 belongs to the ordinary carbon steel series, is one of the commonly used materials.


What is Seamless Steel Pipe ?

Seamless steel pipes are made of perforated round steel pipes without welds on the surface. According to production method, seamless steel pipe can be divided into hot-rolled seamless steel pipe, cold-rolled seamless steel pipe, cold-drawn seamless steel pipe, extruded seamless steel pipe, pipe jacking, etc. According to the section shape, the seamless steel pipe can be divided into two types: round and irregular. The irregular pipe has many complex shapes, such as square, ellipse, triangle, hexagon, melon seed, star and finned pipe. The maximum diameter is 900mm and the minimum diameter is 4mm. There are thick-walled seamless steel pipes and thin-walled seamless steel pipes according to their use. Seamless steel pipes are mainly used for petroleum geological drilling pipes, cracking pipes for petrochemical industry, boiler pipes, bearing pipes and high-precision structural steel pipes for automobiles, tractors and aviation.

Difference between Seamless Steel Pipe and Welded Steel Pipe

  • Different processes: Seamless tubes are made of steel billets or solid tube embryos which are perforated and processed by hot or cold rolling. Welded pipes are formed by bending and welding steel plates or strips.

  • Different appearance: There are no seams on the surface of seamless steel pipes. Welded pipe surface generally has welded seams.

  • Different wall thicknesses: The seamless steel pipe has low precision and relatively thick wall thickness. The steel pipe of welded pipe has high precision and usually has thin wall thickness.

  • Different raw materials: Seamless steel pipes use billets or solid tube embryos. Welded pipes are made of steel plates or strips.

  • Different performance: Seamless steel pipes are better than welded pipes in terms of resistance to corrosion, pressure and high temperature.

  • Different Prices: Seamless steel pipes are more expensive than welded pipes because their production process is more complex and their costs are higher.

  • Different functions: Seamless steel pipes are generally used as conveying fluid pipes requiring special environments such as high pressure and high temperature resistance. Welded pipes are usually used as low pressure fluid transfer pipes.

Chemical Composition of A106 GrB

C Mn P S Si Cr Cu Mo Ni V
≤0.30 0.29-1.06 ≤0.35 ≤0.35 ≥0.10 ≤0.40 ≤0.40 ≤0.15 ≤0.40 ≤0.08

Tensile Requirements of A106 GrB

  • Tensile strength, min, 415 psi [MPa]

  • Yield strength, min, 240 psi [MPa]

  • Elongation in 2 in. [50 mm], min,%:Basic minimum elongation transverse strip tests, and for all small sizes tested in full section Longitudinal is 30; Transverse is 16.5.

  • When standard round 2-in. [50-mm] gage length test specimen is used: Longitudinal is 22; Transverse is 12.

  • For longitudinal strip tests: A

  • For transverse strip tests, a deduction for each 1⁄32-in. [0.8-mm]decrease in wall thickness below 5⁄16 in. [7.9 mm] from the basic minimum elongation of the following percentage shall be made : 1.00.

How to Purchase Seamless Steel Pipe

  1. When choosing and purchasing seamless steel pipes, we should check whether the specification and model of seamless steel pipes meet the requirements. We can use a ruler to measure whether the length, bending, wall thickness, etc. of the pipeline conform to the product information marking. If there are errors, does the error meet the requirements of relevant standards?

  2. When choosing and purchasing seamless steel pipes, we should pay attention to the quality of steel pipes. For example, the surface of seamless steel pipes can not contain cracks, scars and other defects. Generally, formal qualified seamless steel pipes have certificates. Everyone can ask the merchant to show the certificates and check whether the relevant information such as production date, batch number, plant name etc. on the certificates are complete or not.

We(Shanghai Zhucheng Pipe Fittings Manufacturing Co Ltd) is professional engaged in manufacture of Steel pipe(seamless/welded), pipe fittings(butt welding, socket weld, threaded),and flanges in pipe system of all kinds of materials(carbon steel, stainless steel,alloy steel,low temp steel,pipeline steel).  In order to get to a successful cooperation with customers, normally we are willing to provide free samples to all customers if required.(The customer should be responsible for the freight and the samples should be in common size and material)

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